What is Cyber Crime? | Norfolk Constabulary

You are here

What is Cyber Crime?


What is Cybercrime?

Cybercrime is an umbrella term used to describe two closely linked, but distinct ranges of criminal activity.

Cyber-dependent crimes or ‘pure’ cyber-crimes are offences that can only be committed using a computer, computer networks or other forms of information communications technology (ICT).
These include:

  • the illicit intrusion and hacking into networks
  • the disruption of computer functionality with the spread of viruses or other malware
  • Distributed Denial of Service (DDoS) attacks.

Cyber-enabled crimes on the other hand, are traditional crimes, which can be increased in their scale or reach by use of computers, computer networks or other forms of ICT.
Main forms of cyber-enabled crimes would be:

  • child sexual exploitation
  • fraud/scams
  • blackmail
  • extortion

Anyone can be a victim of cybercrime and it is important that it is reported; however, criminals can act not only nationally but globally across county and international borders. In order to avoid both duplication of investigations and to get a true picture of the scale of an offence, a single national agency was formed to investigate them. That agency is the National Fraud Intelligence Bureau.

In most cases Online or Cyber-crime is financially based and is intended to prompt victims to release funds. Many of these will involve fraud and if you have been a victim you should report these to Action Fraud, who are the national reporting centre for Fraud and Cyber Crime.

There are two ways to report to Action Fraudvia their online portal at www.actionfraud.police.uk or over the phone by calling: 0300 123 2040.

Action Fraud will pass the report to the National Fraud Intelligence Bureau, whose analysts will use data matching to link it to other investigations, if applicable, and pass on to local forces if there is no cross border investigation.

Any purely local offences with no cross border investigations will be passed to the regional constabulary to progress.  You will be advised if this happens and be contacted by a local officer. More intricate cases will be retained, and you will be updated.

If however you are a victim of another form of Cyber or Online facilitated crime then you can phone on 101.